It is a process which allows an alien to obtain lawful permanent resident status in the United States without having to go abroad. At the same time you should distinguish the definition “Adjustment of Status” from the definition “Change of Status”. “Change of Status” means moving from one nonimmigrant status to another. “Adjustment of Status” is available only to certain people. Not only do you have to be eligible for a green card in the first place, you must also, in most cases, be staying in the U.S. legally, with a visa or other status.